Retirees and pre-retirees considering tapping their qualified retirement accounts to survive tough times just got a tax break.
The recently passed $2 trillion stimulus law features loan provisions that are designed for anyone “who experiences adverse financial consequences as a result of being quarantined or being furloughed.”
The law provides tax reduction benefits for those who need to borrow from retirement accounts — such as 401(k)s and IRAs — that qualify for tax deferral, as well as for retirees who are required to take money from accounts each year and now worry about selling in a market crash.
Retirees won’t be required to take minimum distributions this year — analysts say that’s a good thing because they will benefit from deferral. The longer one delays using retirement funds, the more they can compound. Compounding, advisers say, is critical in achieving a retirement goal.
Retirees ages 70 to 72 can now wait a year to take a required minimum distribution from a qualified plan. This gives their beat-up accounts extra time to recover.
Those not yet retired, who need cash to survive, can withdraw up to $100,000 without the normal 10 percent penalty that attaches to premature withdrawals before age 59 ¹/₂. But the loan must be paid back within three years.
But Sallie Mullins Thompson, a Manhattan financial planner, said to avoid borrowing from a retirement account.
“The enhanced unemployed benefits would be at the top of my list. Max those out first, along with any emergency fund savings, before raiding your retirement plan,” Thompson said.